The Microsoft .NET Framework is a software framework for establishing and carrying out applications on Windows customer and server OS. It supplies features and capability that are developed particularly for developing and running applications on the Windows platform, however also supports connectivity with non-Windows systems. The Microsoft .NET Platform includes 5 primary components: the Windows operating system, Windows Enterprise Servers,. WEB Framework,. WEB Building Block Services, and Visual Studio .NET toolset. The 3 major parts of the .NET Framework are the Common Language Runtime (CLR), Framework Class Library, and ASP .NET.
“Java” describes a set of programs and requirements initially created by Sun Microsystems, and now owned by Oracle Corporation. When individuals describe “Java” they are typically mentioning among the following:
The Java platform, which includes the Java Development Kit (JDK) that includes the java compiler and other utilities, and Java Runtime Environment (JRE), which includes the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
The Java Class Libraries, a large body of reusable code consisting of most of the Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and operates that would be supplied by the operating system.
The Java programming language, with which developers can compose applications.
A specific “edition” of the Java platform, Java Card, Java Micro Edition (ME), Java Standard Edition (SE), or Java Enterprise Edition (EE).
The Java compiler, part of the Java Development Kit (JDK) equates the code composed by the developer into platform independent Java “bytecode”. The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) equates Java bytecode into directions understandable to the underlying os (playing similar function as the CLR in .Net). If the Java class libraries and a JVM are present on a computer, the machine is said to bring a Java Runtime Environment (JRE). Modern JRE’s consist of more than just the JVM, such a Just-In-Time compilers and byte code verifiers.
Similarities Between .NET and Java
Microsoft .NET and Java both purpose to streamline the development of applications by offering a set of standardized, modular parts and services. By having standard parts and services at their disposal, developers can concentrate on business needs (“business logic”) rather than programming more fundamental services. Using visual tools that simplify application development is a kind of programming that is typically called Rapid Application Development (RAD).
Multi-tiered, comparable computing technologies: Java and .NET each were produced to allow programmers to build “tiered” web applications. A three-tiered application consists of a client tier, server tier, and database tier. NET and Java both supply services to help with transactions in which business procedures can be set off and data taped in databases.
Enterprise Level Development: Both provide various tools and methods to attain the exact same goal of enterprise application development. C# (main language of .NET) and Java both originate from C and C++. Both platforms are object-oriented, type safe, and have automatic garbage collection.
Both .NET and Java provide improved capability to develop and integrate web services, therefore making the applications more extensible and interoperable. In addition, Java/JEE and .NET each have a set of parts, services, and showcases that supply a basic method of performing tasks such as accessing databases, scripting Web pages, handling messages, and linking to remote resources. A comparison of the key .NET and Java/JEE features and services are summarized in the table listed below:
Distinctions between .NET and Java
While they are similar in some ways, there are lots of distinctions in the internal operations of these structures and specific elements of the languages that feature them. Let’s look at the core distinctions that allow us making our pick. These are just differences and not necessarily advantages or a drawbacks for one platform over the other:
Windows vs. Multi-Platform: Though there are open source implementations of Microsoft’s. WEB Framework, like mono to produce cross platform applications, Microsoft .NET is mostly targeted for the windows operating system. Java, on the other hand, is based upon the concept that the exact same software must work on various type of computer systems, customer devices, and other devices on a network. The big guarantee of Java is that it allows applications to run on different kinds of computer systems without needing to be rewritten. Java applications work on “virtual devices” that were composed for each platform.
Proprietary vs. Open source: The .NET Framework is a concrete and complimentary product that is developed by Microsoft and integrated into the Windows os. It does not depend on third-party vendors to supply an implementation, although it is extremely extensible and lots of third-party additions are available.
Although Java is provided by a number of suppliers, the majority of users will just ever come across the Oracle JDK and JRE (The OpenJDK is an open source version discovered on some Linux distributions and other open source operating systems, and IBM and HP both supply their own executions for their big iron Unix systems). Among Java’s staminas is that a variety of tools, products, and applications are offered from many vendors. Competition among Java EE vendors drives innovation, while stringent compatibility requirements assist keep quality. Commercial, exclusive items co-exist with their Open Source counter parts. Because of the open nature, third party tools like JRebel have been established that can help cut development time considerably. Microsoft users, on the other hand, must rely on Microsoft for all .NET innovation.
Also, for .NET, a conventional development IDE (incorporated development environment) is readily available with Microsoft Visual Studio. This tool comprises all the things a developer has to develop, debug, build and deploy any sort of application targeted for the .NET framework.
For Java, there are 4 primary IDEs, Eclipse, IntelliJ Idea, Oracle NetBeans, and Oracle JDeveloper. Instead of being tied to a single environment, on a single platform (Windows), you are free to choose the product that best suits your requirements, at various price points, and can opt to use Mac OS X, Linux, or basically any other platform for which a JDK exists to do your development work. However, there is nobody conventional tool that is available.
How to pick between .Net and Java
Both platforms provide technologies that make it possible for an experienced developer to build quality enterprise applications. However, a technology is rarely chosen based on performance alone. The following are some points that IT supervisors ought to consider when weighing the option of .NET vs. Java:.
Examine the complexity of the applications you will be developing.
Microsoft tools have an edge over Java for developing applications that require rich graphical user interfaces and that provide content to web browsers. The perception is that Java servers are better for complex applications supporting higher volumes of users.
Take stock of your existing developer skills and infrastructure.
Take into consideration the existing technology landscape of your firm and the technical capabilities of your workforce, because training developers and changing existing facilities could be pricey.
Weigh the significance of application portability to your product, company.
Java, with its multi-platform portability, offers you take advantage of to either work out with an existing vendor or choose the vendor of your option.
Investigate outside vendor support.
As mentioned above, Java’s strength depends on libraries established by different third-party vendors. Likewise there are a lot of controls and libraries offered for .NET as well.
Think about the cost of the solution.
Think about the total cost of building, deploying, and maintaining the application. Factor in productivity based upon choice of tools, turnaround time, and hosting expenses such as users per server, cost of application servers, etc
In short, the platform to choose depends upon your circumstance and the requirements of your application. You wouldn’t go wrong picking either of those. However, the pick must not be based on which has better architecture however needs to be based upon the staminas and weaknesses of the technologies and which system has much better solution for the task at hand.